Parental Involvement in Science
PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN SCIENCE LEARNING
US Department of Education Position Statement: Helping Your Child Learn Science
As a parent, you are preparing your child for a world vastly different from the one in which you grew up. Our increasingly technological society will need citizens who have received far more advanced instruction in science and technology than most of us received when we were in school. Even children who don't want to become physicists, chemists, engineers or computer technicians will need some knowledge of science and technology just to conduct their everyday lives. Every citizen needs to be scientifically literate in order to make informed decisions about health, safety, and citizenship. Our children need our help and guidance to prepare for the world that awaits them. (As a way to share in your child’s science education, many parents volunteer to work with their child’s class as a Science Parent. Parents also encourage their children to participate in our Annual Miller-Driscoll School Science Fair.)
Scientific knowledge is cumulative: To learn new things, you must build on what you already know. So, it's important that your child start learning early—and at home. A good way for you to begin the learning process is by sharing your own interest in science. How you view and talk about science can influence your child's attitudes toward science—and how she approaches learning science. Although you can't make your child like science, you can encourage her to do so, and you can help her to appreciate its value both in her everyday life and in preparing for her future.
In everyday interactions with your child, you can do many things—and do them without lecturing or applying pressure—to help her learn science. Here are a few ideas:
- See how long it takes for a dandelion or a rose to burst into full bloom.
- Watch the moon as it appears to change shape over the course of a month and record the changes.
- Look for constellations in the night sky.
- Bake a cake.
- Solve the problem of a drooping plant.
- Figure out how the spin cycle of the washing machine gets the water out of the clothes.
- Take apart an old clock or mechanical toy—you don't need to put it back together!
- Watch icicles melt.
- Observe pigeons, squirrels, butterflies, ants, or spider webs.
- Go for a walk and talk about how the dogs (or birds or cats) that you see are alike and different.
- Discover what materials the buildings in your community are made of. Wood? Concrete? Adobe? Brick? Granite? Sandstone? Steel? Glass? Talk about the reasons for using these materials.
Learning to observe carefully is an important step leading to scientific explanations. Experiencing the world with your child and exchanging information with him about what you see are important, too.
Finally, encourage your child to ask questions. If you can't answer all of her questions, that's all right—no one has all the answers, not even scientists. For example, point out that there's no known cure for a cold, but that we do know how diseases are passed from person to person—through germs. Some of the best answers you can give are, "What do you think?" and "Let's find out together." Together, you and your child can propose possible answers, test them out and check them by using reference books, the Internet, or by asking someone who is likely to know the correct answers.
NSTA Position Statement: http://www.nsta.org/pdfs/PositionStatement_ParentI...
NSTA Position Statement:
The National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) believes the involvement of parents and other caregivers in their children’s learning are crucial to their children's interest in and ability to learn science. Research shows that when parents play an active role, their children achieve greater success as learners, regardless of socioeconomic status, ethnic/racial background, or the parents' own level of education (PTA 1999; Henderson and Mapp 2002; Pate and Andrews 2006). Furthermore, the more intensely parents are involved, the more confident and engaged their children are as learners and the more beneficial the effects on their achievement (Cotton and Wikelund 2001).
Historically, innovations in science and technology have been powerful forces for improving our quality of life and fueling economic development worldwide. To continue to reap the economic and social benefits that accrue from such innovation, as well as to find solutions to challenging problems in the areas of health, energy, and the environment, we must ensure parents and children value science learning and recognize the tremendous opportunities that can arise from being more scientifically and technologically literate and better prepared to participate in the 21st-century workforce.
Parents and other caregivers have a critical role to play in encouraging and supporting their children's science learning at home, in school, and throughout their community. Teachers also play an important role in this effort and can be valuable partners with parents in cultivating science learning confidence and skills in school-age youth. NSTA recognizes the importance of parent involvement in science learning and offers the following recommendations to parents.
Children are naturally curious about the world around them. Parents and other caregivers can nurture this curiosity in children of all ages by creating a positive and safe environment at home for exploration and discovery.
- Acknowledge and encourage your children's interests and natural abilities in science, and help them further develop their interests and abilities over time.
- Encourage your children to observe, ask questions, experiment, tinker, and seek their own understandings of natural and human-made phenomena.
- Foster children's creative and critical thinking, problem solving, and resourcefulness through authentic tasks such as cooking, doing household chores, gardening, repairing a bike or other household object, planning a trip, and other everyday activities. Actively engage with your children during mealtime discussions or group games requiring mental or physical skills or by talking about books they are reading or television programs about science they have watched.
- Provide frequent opportunities for science learning at home and in the community through outdoor play; participation in summer programs; or trips to parks, museums, zoos, nature centers, and other interesting science-rich sites in the community.
- Provide your children easy access to science learning resources such as books, educational toys and games, videos/DVDs, and online or computer-based resources.
- Join your children in learning new things about science and technology. Take advantage of not knowing all the answers to your children's questions, and embrace opportunities to learn science together.
Schools are essential resources for science learning. The more actively engaged parents and other caregivers are in their children's schooling, the more beneficial schools can be for building their child's appreciation and knowledge of and confidence and skills in science and technology (Cotton and Wikelund 2001). This holds true throughout the school-age years, from preschool through college.
- Become a partner in your children's schooling. Communicate regularly with your children and their teachers, school administrators, and counselors to learn more about your children's science learning opportunities and performance.
- Encourage your children to participate in extracurricular opportunities focused on science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM), such as clubs, field trips, after-school programs, and science research competitions.
Seek out opportunities to meet and get to know teachers of science. Volunteer in the classroom or on a field trip; serve on a science curriculum review or policy development committees; or attend a school's open house or family science night event.
Be informed about the science program at your children's school. Learn more about the school's curriculum and the amount of time devoted to science learning and hands-on laboratory experiences at each grade level, and find out whether teachers believe they have the necessary resources and experience to teach science effectively. Become involved with the local school board to ensure that science learning is a top priority in the school system and that adequate resources are available. If you are home schooling, be sure that you are meeting or exceeding the same science standards covered in the local school curriculum.
Establish high expectations for your children's science learning, as well as for the school system that fosters it. Be an advocate for science learning by supporting local, state, and national science education policies and investments in science resources, including school curriculum materials, laboratory equipment, and teacher and administrator professional development. It is also important to advocate for organizations that support schools and home school families, including museums, libraries, and other science-rich nonprofit organizations. Reach out to policy makers to impress upon them the value of science and technology learning and its importance to your children's future.
Parents play an important role in ensuring that their children have the necessary knowledge and skills in science and technology to become scientifically literate and informed citizens. It also is imperative that we develop a strong science- and technology-skilled workforce. Parents can encourage children to consider and pursue a science- or technology-related career and to obtain the necessary knowledge and skills that will allow them access to and success in such a career.
- Seek out opportunities to introduce your children to individuals in your community whose work relates to science or technology. This may include trades and professions such as construction or manufacturing, public safety, medicine, natural resource management, or research.
- Participate in "Take Your Child to Work" days, and expose them to the science and technology in your workplace. Encourage your employer to promote and support these opportunities.
- Attend career fairs with your children. Help them explore a broad range of career options and learn about and understand the necessary skills and coursework required to pursue these careers.
- Look for special events and programs in your community that enable your children to meet scientists, or visit a worksite or local university where science and technology are prevalent. Support your children's participation in online academic mentorship programs that pair students and scientists to carry out STEM projects.
- Find opportunities in your community to connect science and technology businesses, schools, and non-school learning venues such as museums, libraries, and clubs. Encourage both financial and personnel investments in science learning. Ask businesses to give employees release time to support science learning at school or in the community and to become mentors for school-age youth.
- Encourage your children to disbelieve negative stereotypes about scientists, and help them understand that anyone can have a career in science.
- Model values that support learning, self-sufficiency, responsibility, and hard work so your children will develop at an early age the confidence and determination to pursue their career interests in science or technology.